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Before & After Mitral Valve Surgery

What to Expect

When you and the doctor have come to the decision that minimally invasive mitral valve surgery is the way to go, the doctor will detail you on what to expect before, during, and after surgery. As a Tampa heart valve surgeon, Dr. Peter Mikhail takes the time to thoroughly explain this surgery and all it entails with his patients.

Before Mitral Valve Surgery

  • Talk to the doctor about any concerns.
  • This is the time to talk to the doctor about what medications can be taken before surgery and when, along with when the last meal or drink should be consumed pre-surgery.
  • Hair may be shaved on the sections of your body where the surgery will be performed.
  • You’ll need to make arrangements on how you will be getting home post-op.
  • The doctor will give you instructions to follow during the recovery.
  • You should come prepared to the hospital with clothing, a list of medications, personal care items, glasses, hearing aids, dentures, a book, etc.
  • Talk to the doctor about what medications you brought to the hospital and what can be taken the day of the surgery.
  • Jewelry, dentures, nail polish, eyeglasses, and contact lenses must be removed before surgery.
After Mitral Valve Surgery
  • You will spend one to two days in ICU.
  • You will be given fluids, and medications through an IV.
  • After ICU, you will be moved to a regular hospital room for several days.
  • The doctor and other medical professionals will monitor your recovery, vitals, and pain.
  • You will be told to walk regularly and perform breathing exercises to gradually increase activity.
  • The doctor will give you recovery instructions, such as to watch for any signs of infection, incision care, pain management, and post-op side effects.
  • The doctor will determine when you can return to daily activities.
  • The doctor may recommend cardiac rehabilitation (to help improve health and help with recovery), as well as permanent lifestyle changes when it comes to diet, physical activities, tobacco usage, and stress management.
  • After surgery, your symptoms will reduce and quality of life should improve.


Mitral valve disease is when the mitral valve (the valve located between the left atrium and left ventricle heart chambers) no longer works properly.


Symptoms can vary depending on the severity and condition of the mitral valve disease. Fatigue, shortness of breath, and chest pain are common.


Minimally invasive heart surgery can treat mitral valve insufficiency, mitral stenosis, and mitral valve prolapse (MVP).


Minimally invasive heart mitral valve surgery avoids complete sternotomy (open-heart surgery).


Patients experience reduced trauma and pain in post-op. Symptoms will reduce and quality of life should improve.


At-home lifestyle changes, like eating a healthy diet and taking proper medications, can reduce symptoms and keep the heart healthy, but cannot fix the mitral valve.

Don’t put your life in just any surgeon’s hands. Trust in Dr. Mikhail and his proven success!

Dr. Peter Mikhail is a thoracic and cardiac surgeon in Tampa, Clearwater, and New Port Richey, Florida. Dr. Mikhail is Board Certified by the American Board of Surgery, The American Board of Thoracic Surgery and The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.

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